Sunday, February 19, 2017

The DOW has exceeded 20,000: Does this mean we are in for a period of economic expansion?

From this Forbes article:

http://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelkay/2017/01/31/the-dow-jones-hit-20000-now-what/#5f2d51a17ed3

"The Dow Jones Industrial Average hit 20,000. The aftermath was a barrage of media stories—some encouraging, others less optimistic. The positive stories prompted investors to buy more equities in expectation of more future gain; the cynics foretold the forthcoming correction with a warning: Get out of stocks. The one common theme all the articles share is that, yes, something is going to happen next. And this something will likely show gains and reverses, followed by more gains and more reverses."

1) Is the DOW an outdated and irrelevant formula?

http://www.Npr.Org/sections/money/2017/01/04/508261371/episode-443-dont-believe-the-hype

2) Are we headed towards a period of economic expansion?

3) Should investors care? Should anyone?

http://money.usnews.com/investing/articles/2016-12-19/5-things-everyone-should-know-about-dow-20-000


Sunday, February 12, 2017

Is it possible to align incentives to achieve desired outcomes?

As you read these two articles in preparation for Wednesday's (February 13, 4:30 to 6:00 p.m.) discussion, ask yourself:

  • Is it possible to avoid switching effects and rewarding or punishing wrong behaviors. 
  • Given the fact that people respond to incentives in unforeseen ways and the many margins of choice, will our incentive schemes always go awry?
  • Do charitable efforts do any good? 
  • Should we not act on our good intentions?

Incentives Matter

Slavery, Snakes, and Switching: The Role of Incentives in Creating Unintended Consequences 

As we discussed at last week's meeting, we would like you to blog a substantive comment AFTER the meeting before Sunday, February 19, at 11:59 p.m.

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Trump's New EPA Administration and the Economic Possibilities inside National Parks

I must begin with an apology for entering this topic at such a late date, and will discuss this in greater detail at the SWEET meeting regarding blog discussion.

On January 30 of this year, a H.J. Res. 46 was entered into the House by Rep. Paul Gosar [R] of Arizona. The joint resolution goes as follows:

Providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the final rule of the National Park Service relating to “General Provisions and Non-Federal Oil and Gas Rights”.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Congress disapproves the rule submitted by the National Park Service relating to “General Provisions and Non-Federal Oil and Gas Rights” (81 Fed. Reg. 77972 (November 4, 2016)), and such policy shall have no force or effect.

Voting has yet to take place.

If this bill passes, it will weaken the protection that National Parks currently in place, and allow for an increase of mineral/oil extraction. As of this writing, Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park in Michigan has already experienced exploratory drilling for minerals by a Canadian company.

Questions to Consider:
 
1) Do the economic prospects outweigh the environmental impact on our National Parks?
2) Will we see this increase in Alaska under Trump's administration?
3) Is this how Alaska pulls itself out from under our growing state deficit?
4) Will this ultimately be in Alaska's best interest?

Food for thought:



https://www.abqjournal.com/940598/arizona-congressman-wants-more-drilling-in-national-parks.html

Saturday, January 28, 2017

The effects of pipelines. Helpful or harmful?

Most of today's news is filled with information about protests against pipelines such as the Keystone XL pipeline of the Dakota access pipeline. Protesters claim that it is harmful to the environment and infringes on the historical significance the land has to certain groups. How much of this is true? What are the alternatives to pipelines? Can we stop this tide if progression?

http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/transportation/ -Amount of oil transported by train.
http://www.cnbc.com/2014/08/06/after-billions-spent-are-pipelines-safe.html
http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/officeofsafety/publicsite/summary.aspx
https://www.sayanythingblog.com/entry/dakota-access-pipeline-follows-existing-gas-line-protest-area/

Please look at the links above and any additional resources you can find and come charged to this Tuesdays meeting.

Saturday, January 21, 2017

An economic analysis of climate change

Climate change is something that will be affecting our future and that of our posterity.

"Economists have differing views of how to best deal with the problem of climate change, despite widespread scientific consensus on the reality of the trend. Though disagreements persist on whether to stop climate change, adapt to the climate or not focus on the climate at all, adaptation might become the only option if no other action is taken."

Here is a link to the article that I wrote about it:

http://www.uafsunstar.com/an-economic-analysis-of-climate-change/

Here are other sources which were linked in the article:

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=99888903

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-theory/wp/2016/09/19/when-it-comes-to-climate-change-lets-get-our-priorities-straight/?utm_term=.706071f82264

Some questions to consider:

1. How many resources should we be using to address climate change?
2. What about leaving Earth? Is that possible/ethical?
3. Will humans be able to devise a solution to this problem?
4. Is it possible for society to exist without creating a greenhouse gas problem in the process?
5. What are effective ways to deal with climate change?

Friday, December 2, 2016

The Economics of Marriage

Who you marry is one of the most important decisions you will make in your life.  While most products and legally-binding agreements have a set service life or contract time, it is exceedingly rare to find a circumstance where one puts money, products or services down "until death do us part."  If you are going to make a decision based on "forever", you had better have an understanding of what you are gaining and what you are giving up.  To explore this topic, I have included the following links.

Freakonomics Podcasts:
Why Marry? (part 1)
Why Marry? (part 2)

Additional Thought-Inducing Readings:
Hodgepodge of Marriage Phenomena
Marriage Increases Inequality
Marriage Benefits the Middle Class More

Some questions to think about:
1.  What benefits do you hope to gain from marriage?
2.  What are the consequences of getting married?
3.  What benefits do you hope to gain from not getting married?
4.  What are the consequences of not getting married?
5.  Do you think that men and women get the same things from a marriage?
6.  Is marriage really an equal partnership?
7.  Has marriage changed over the years?
8.  How does divorce affect your estimation of marriage?

Friday, November 25, 2016

Humans Need Not Apply

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Pq-S557XQU

This video gives an explanation for how robots and AI may overtake nearly all jobs in the not-so-distant future, a premise which before fell under the process of creative destruction. As menial labor jobs are destroyed, jobs open up to to maintenance and building those robots.

However, Grey brings up the idea — what about when those robots can just build and maintain themselves?


http://www.economist.com/news/books-and-arts/21669597-computers-will-get-smarter-humans-charge-machines-thinking

Also here's another interesting article about the same idea.


Some questions I think might be good to think about are:

Is the analogy comparing humans losing their jobs to horses losing their jobs valid?

What can humans do in the future if the demand for humans is so low? Will human populations fall as there is less to do in the world?

Are there positive and negative externalities to humans not having jobs?

Would this lead to a Star Trek-esque society (where people don't have to work because scarcity is a thing of the past so people just do stuff in order to live a more fulfilled life)?




Thursday, November 10, 2016

In regards to previous discusion

In the last SWEET meeting I talked about the dude who broke down Trumps campaign in relation to The Art Of War by Sun Tzu  well here are his posts about it.

post one (on the art of war): http://imgur.com/account/favorites/HO5TT

post 2 (on trumps attacks at Hillary): http://imgur.com/gallery/SxpJC

post 3 (on The Wall): http://imgur.com/gallery/ZtcST

Monday, October 31, 2016

Neopian Economics

By Destiny Dowling

Childhood is an essential period of time in a person's life. It is the time where we learn our basic skills, and the ways in which the world works. According http://www.techaddiction.ca/media-statistics.html, children consume over three hours of media in a typical day. 

One of my favorite games, since elementary school, is Neopets.com. This children's gaming site ranks #4, right below World of Warcraft, in roleplaying games. Launching in 1999, it is still up and running today. This site is reflects a mini market economy and community. There are elements of an economy incorporated within the website, such as a stock market, a bank, a trading post, a food bank, an auction house, etc. Neopets is a great website, however, it still has its faults. 

If you are interested, here is a video explaining its history:

Here are some articles that people have written, to give you an idea of the nature of the website: 

Discussion:
1. What online games, if any, did you play when you were a child? Do you think that the children are aware of the educational / real-life concepts that are incorporated in the games that they play? Why or why not?

2. Is Neopets helpful or harmful? What are the benefits of Neopets? What are the costs? Do the benefits outweigh the costs?

3. There are two money sources within the site: neopoints, and neocash. Neopoints are earned by playing games within the site. Neocash is purchased with real-world money. Do you have a problem with either of these sources of virtual income for children? Why or why not?

4. Should children's gaming sites be more like Neopets? Why or why not?

Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Who will you chose

The crook or the offensive groper? these are the main arguments used by opposing sides to justify their reason for voting for the other party. attached are some pages listing why to vote for one side or the other. along with that there are some questions I'd like everyone to think about for tomorrows meeting. Apologies for the lateness of this posting.
Who do you think we should vote for?
What about 3rd party? do they have a chance?
Opinions on Trump?
Opinions on Hillary?
Who votes for Giant meteor for President?
Also what about economic benefits will each bring to the table, the last two links bring you to pages that show their stance on everything imaginable. 
Lastly from the "media" sources below do you think that they are reporting this information on a bias for one side or the other? (sources were screened but not 
http://townhall.com/columnists/johnhawkins/2016/02/27/40-reasons-not-to-vote-for-donald-trump-n2125585

http://townhall.com/columnists/johnhawkins/2016/08/06/25-reasons-not-to-vote-for-hillary-clinton-n2202375

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jFNq2MjaCC0
http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/features/why-not-to-vote-for-trump-from-a-to-z-w441964
https://www.google.com/#q=why+vote+for+hillary&eob=m.0d06m5/m.07g82/full
https://www.google.com/#q=why+vote+for+trump&eob=m.0cqt90/m.04gg7xx/full

Saturday, October 15, 2016

Worldwide Wifi

https://www.cnet.com/news/facebooks-self-flying-solar-powered-internet-broadcasting-airplane-has-a-successful-first-flight/

https://www.wired.com/2016/07/facebooks-giant-internet-beaming-drone-finally-takes-flight/

https://www.wired.com/2016/02/google-shot-laser-60-miles-just-send-copy-real-genius/


Some Questions.

1. Since both google and facebook are US based companies would the company's in the wifi barren places (thinking 2nd and 3rd world countries) follow local law or american law.

2. how do you think technology and industry would advance in these countries if everyone had access to the internet. Would we see a rapid jump towards modernization or would there be little change with the majority of the inhabitants still not having access despite its presence.

3. what impact would this have culturally with the people suddenly having access to the internet and through that the entire rest of the world?

4. what monetary reason would these companies have to provide such a service to small poor countries? Would the goverment pay or would the provider have something like  add revenue?

5.  I have mostly applied this to poorer countries but could this also revolutionize Americas internet system?

Monday, October 10, 2016

Bitcoin



Bitcoin is the original cryptocurrency gaining in popularity.  It has no central point of authority, and nothing backing its redemption.  Here are a few informative videos:

How does Bitcoin work?

What are the qualities of a good currency?

Bitcoin vs. the Federal Reserve:

Now, what are some of the economic concerns?  Could bitcoin go mainstream, or is it likely to just remain a component of black market transaction?  Since there is no central authority, it could never be used to affect monetary policy.  Is having a digital 'gold standard' better than a central fiat currency?  What about legal tender laws?  Also, bitcoin will not be inflationary within a few decades; is that a good for growth, or is it likely to end in failure?

Also, I have a small amount of bitcoin I would be willing to share.  If anyone brings a bitcoin wallet to SWEET, I would be happy to get them set up with some bitcoin and start transacting!